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Jenin is a city in the northern region of the West Bank, one of two territories claimed by the State of Palestine. Situated overlooking the Jezreel Valley, the city is the administrative center of the Jenin Governorate. Historical evidence shows that Jenin was inhabited as far back as the 14th century BCE, with remnants from various ancient empires having been unearthed around the city. Jenin’s largest and most important mosque, the Fatima Khatun Mosque, was built in 1566 on the site of a ruined mosque from 636 CE. The city is also home to a monument dedicated to German pilots who were shot down in Jenin during World War I.