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The boot-shaped Mediterranean nation is situated in southern Europe. Its capital is Rome. The modern country of Italy became a unitary state in the 19th century and a republic following World War II. The Roman Empire originated in this region, that holds immense cultural wealth. In art, the land gave rise to the Renaissance as well as the movements of Arte Povera, Fluxus and Neorealism. The country is known across the planet for its cuisine which includes pizza, pasta and gelato. The tower of Pisa, the Trevi fountain, the Colosseum and the Duomo Cathedral are among its most famous historic structures. Furthermore, we can count Leonardo Da Vinci, Marco Polo, Federico Fellini, Giuseppe Verdi, and Luciano Pavarotti among the most influential Italians in world history.