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In 18th-century France, the population was divided into three classes: the clergy, nobles, and the common people. While the commoners paid all of the taxes, the other two classes held all of the power. On July 14, 1789, revolutionaries stormed the Bastille prison and overthrew King Louis XVI. They established a national assembly in place of the monarchy. Later, Maximilien Robespierre took over and executed many political enemies by guillotine during the Reign of Terror. The revolution ended in 1799 when Napoleon rose to power, but the ideals of the revolution continued to influence Europe.