2464 Views Tue, 25 Aug 2020
Dwight Eisenhower (1890-1969) was the supreme commander of Allied forces in western Europe in World War II and the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. Eisenhower directed the assault of Sicily, which led to the fall of Rome on June 4, 1944. Two days later Eisenhower ordered the invasion of Normandy, with 156,000 Allied troops crossing the English Channel on D-Day, June 6. After the war, Eisenhower became supreme commander of NATO in 1950. A popular military hero, he was an easy choice to run for President in 1952, defeating Adlai Stevenson as a Republican. Eisenhower’s terms saw the end of the Korean War, the McCarthy hearing, and the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957.