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Amman, capital of Jordan, is one of the largest cities in the Arab world. It is the economic, cultural, and political center of the country, with 42 percent of the national population. Amman’s transformation into a modern city began when it became the capital of Transjordan after WWI. As a result of successive waves of migration from neighboring Arab countries over several decades, Amman grew into a populous, multicultural city. While East Amman contains residential areas, cultural centers, and historic sites, West Amman is where the city’s economic heart lies. The tourism and banking industries constitute the backbone of Amman’s fast-growing economy. The Jordan Museum, the Amman Citadel, and the Roman Theater are popular tourist destinations.