10 Facts About Our Galaxy, The Milky Way

10 Facts About Our Galaxy, The Milky Way

1) Our galaxy is warped:

The Milky Way is a disk that measures about 120,000 light years across, with a central bulge that has a diameter of about 12,000 light years. However, the disk is not perfectly flat. It is warped due to our neighboring galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic clouds. These two galaxies have been pulling on the matter in our galaxy like a universal game of tug-of-war.

Our galaxy is warped
Our galaxy is warped
Our galaxy is warped
Our galaxy is warped
Our galaxy is warped
Our galaxy is warped

2) Our galaxy has over 200,000 stars:

The Milky Way is only a medium sized galaxy with an estimated 200 billion stars. The largest galaxy we know of is called IC 1101 and has over 100 trillion stars.

Our galaxy has over 200,000 stars
Our galaxy has over 200,000 stars
Our galaxy has over 200,000 stars
Our galaxy has over 200,000 stars

3) Our galaxy was made from other galaxies:

In order for the Milky Way to achieve its current size and shape it has consumed other galaxies throughout its history. Our galaxy is currently consuming the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy by adding the smaller galaxy’s stars to its own spiral.

Our galaxy was made from other galaxies
Our galaxy was made from other galaxies
Our galaxy was made from other galaxies
Our galaxy was made from other galaxies

4) There is a black hole in the center:

Like most larger galaxies, the Milky Way has a supermassive black hole at its center, called Sagittarius A*. This black hole has an estimated diameter of 14 million miles, which does not include the disk of mass being drawn into it. This outer disk has about 14.6 million times the mass of our Sun in what would be similar to the orbit of the Earth!

There is a black hole in the center
There is a black hole in the center
There is a black hole in the center
There is a black hole in the center
There is a black hole in the center
There is a black hole in the center

5) Our galaxy has an invisible halo:

Our galaxy is made up of about 90% dark matter, matter that cannot be seen, and about 10% “luminous matter”, or matter that we can see with our eyes. This large quantity of dark matter causes an invisible halo that has been demonstrated by simulations of how the Milky Way spins. If the dark matter did not exist then the stars within the Milky Way would orbit much slower than has been observed.

Our galaxy has an invisible halo
Our galaxy has an invisible halo
Our galaxy has an invisible halo
Our galaxy has an invisible halo

6) Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy:

About 10-15% of the Milky Way’s visible matter is made of dust and gas, with the rest being stars. On a clear night, the dusty ring of the Milky Way can be seen as a streak across the night sky.

Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy
Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy
Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy
Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy
Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy
Our galaxy is really dusty and gassy

7) We can’t take pictures of it:

Since we are located about 26,000 light years from the Milky Way’s center we cannot take pictures of the disk. Any representation that you have ever seen of our galaxy is either a different spiral galaxy or what an artist thinks it might look like.

We can’t take pictures of it
We can’t take pictures of it
We can’t take pictures of it
We can’t take pictures of it
We can’t take pictures of it
We can’t take pictures of it

8) It’s almost as old as the Universe itself:

Scientists estimate that the Universe is about 13.7 billion years old and that the Milky Way is about 13.6 billion years old. Although the main parts of the galaxy were formed in the early days of the Universe, the disk and the bulge did not fully form until about 10-12 billion years ago.

It’s almost as old as the Universe itself
It’s almost as old as the Universe itself
It’s almost as old as the Universe itself
It’s almost as old as the Universe itself

9) It’s part of the Virgo Supercluster, a group of galaxies within 150 million light years :

The Virgo Supercluster contains at least 100 galaxy groups and clusters, and is about 110 million light-years in diameter. A 2014 study shows that the Virgo Supercluster is only one lobe of a greater supercluster called Laniakea.

It’s part of the Virgo Supercluster, a group of galaxies within 150 million light years
It’s part of the Virgo Supercluster, a group of galaxies within 150 million light years
It’s part of the Virgo Supercluster, a group of galaxies within 150 million light years
It’s part of the Virgo Supercluster, a group of galaxies within 150 million light years

10) Our galaxy is on the move:

Everything in space, including the Milky Way, is moving. The Earth moves around the Sun, the Sun moves in the Milky Way, and the Milky Way cruises through space. Cosmic Microwave Background radiation, radiation left over

Our galaxy is on the move
Our galaxy is on the move
Our galaxy is on the move
Our galaxy is on the move

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